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In his role in the electric power industry, Gale Horst was a project manager and technology leader in research in technologies related to Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and Demand Response (DR). A  future state he initiated included a flexible distribution system architecture where DER can be included in a variety of systems including third party, customer-owned, and renewable energy resources.

Gale Horst was a Project Manager leading EPRI's 7-year Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative.  This was a collaborative research effort with 24 utilities focused on addressing prevalent challenges associated with integrating Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and developing standards and methodologies for smart grid implementations.  He has been involved with smart grid technologies including demand management, appliances, consumer engagement, and standards development in several key roles. He developed the first grid-responsive appliance at Whirlpool Corporation.  Gale’s whitepaper titled Concepts to Enable Advancement of Distributed Energy Resources (EPRI Report 1020432) outlined the concept of the Virtual Top Node (VTN) and Virtual End Node (VEN) referenced in developing smart grid standards organizations such as OpenADR and CTA-2045.

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